Food Security and Diversity of Coastal Communities in West Papua Province, Indonesia
Food security is a condition of fulfilling food at the country scale down to individuals, which is reflected in the availability of sufficient food, both in quantity and quality, safe, diverse, nutritious, equitable, and affordable. It does not conflict with the religion, beliefs, and culture of society to be able to live a healthy life, active and productive in a sustainable manner. One of the crucial groups of people who live in West Papua Province is the coastal communities of West Papua. This study aims to provide information on the status of food security and the diversity of families living in the coastal areas of West Papua Province. In particular, we conducted this research to obtain information on food security and diversity status in terms of food access and utilization pillars. Measuring household food security status using the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module (US HFSSM) and measuring diversity in food consumption based on the household dietary diversity score (HDDS). The results showed that household food security in the coastal area of the bird's head was quite good; Cendrawasih Bay National Park was the most food-secure area at 77.16%, and the least food secure was the Sorong coast at 29.76%. The highest food diversity was in the Misool area, 77.47%, and the lowest was in Telma, 22.08%.
Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Indonesian Population Census 2016. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.
Barrett, C.B. 2010. “Measuring Food Insecurity.” Science 327 (5967): 825–28. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1182768.
Bickel, G., M. Nord, C. Price, W. Hamilton, and J. Cook. 2000. Guide to Measuring Household Food Security, Revised 2000. Alexandria VA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
Bouis, Howarth E. 1990. “Evaluating Demand for Calories for Urban and Rural Populations in the Philippines: Implications for Nutrition Policy Under Economic Recovery.” World Development 18 (2): 281–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(90)90053-Z.
Burchi, Francesco, and Pasquale De Muro. 2016. “From Food Availability to Nutritional Capabilities: Advancing Food Security Analysis.” Food Policy 60 (April): 10–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2015.03.008.
Carletto, Calogero, Alberto Zezza, and Raka Banerjee. 2013. “Towards Better Measurement of Household Food Security: Harmonizing Indicators and the Role of Household Surveys.” Global Food Security 2 (1): 30–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2012.11.006.
Dewan Ketahanan Pangan, Kementerian Pertanian, and World Food Programme. 2016. “Peta Ketahanan Dan Kerentanan Pangan Indonesia 2015.” Jakarta, Indonesia.
FAO. 2010. Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity. Fao. https://doi.org/613.2KEN.
Glew, L., M.B. Mascia, and F. Pakiding. 2012. “Solving the Mystery of MPA Performance: Monitoring Social Impacts. Field Manual (Version 1.0).” Washington D.C. and Manokwari, Indonesia.
Goungetas, B.P., H.H. Jensen, and S.R. Johnson. 1993. “Food Demand Projections Using Full Demand Systems.” Food Policy 18 (1): 55–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-9192(93)90096-T.
Hardinsyah. 2007. “Review Faktor Determinan Keanekaragaman Konsumsi Pangan.” Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan 2 (2): 55–74. https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.55-74.
Hickman, B.W., G.E. Gates, and R.P. Dowdy. 1993. “Nutrition Claims in Advertising: A Study of Four Women’s Magazines.” Journal of Nutrition Education 25 (5): 227–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3182(12)81000-4.
Huffman, S.L. 1987. “Women’s Activities and Impacts on Child Nutrition’, in Gittinger J. P., Leslie J., Hoisington C., Eds, Food Policy: Integrating Supply, Distribution and Consumption.” The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 371–84.
Iwao, Sumiko. 1993. The Japanese Woman: Traditional Image and Changing Reality. New York: The Free Press, a Division of Macmillan Inc.
Jones, Andrew D., Francis M. Ngure, Gretel Pelto, and Sera L. Young. 2013. “What Are We Assessing When We Measure Food Security? A Compendium and Review of Current Metrics.” Advances in Nutrition 4 (5): 481–505. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.113.004119.
Kartikasari, S.N., A.J. Marshall, and B.M. (eds) Beehler. 2012. Seri Ekologi Indonesia Jilid VI: Ekologi Papua. Edited by S.N Kartikasari, A.J. Marshall, and B.M Beehler. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor dan Conservation International.
Leroy, Jef L., Marie Ruel, Edward A. Frongillo, Jody Harris, and Terri J. Ballard. 2015. “Measuring the Food Access Dimension of Food Security.” Food and Nutrition Bulletin 36 (2): 167–95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572115587274.
Madanijah, S. 2004. Pola Konsumsi Pangan. Di Dalam: Pengantar Pangan Dan Gizi . Edited by Y.F. Balawati, A. Khomsan, and C.M. Dwiriani. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.
Mangubhai, Sangeeta, Mark V. Erdmann, Joanne R. Wilson, Christine L. Huffard, Ferdiel Ballamu, Nur Ismu Hidayat, Creusa Hitipeuw, et al. 2012. “Papuan Bird’s Head Seascape: Emerging Threats and Challenges in the Global Center of Marine Biodiversity.” Marine Pollution Bulletin 64 (11): 2279–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.07.024.
Maxwell, Simon, and T. R. Frankenberger. 1992. Household Food Security: Concepts, Indicators, Measurements:A Technical Review.
National Board for Family Planning (BKKBN) and Community System Foundation. 1986. KB-Gizi – An Indonesian Integrated Family Planning, Nutrition and Health Program: The Evaluation of the First Five Years of Program Implementation in East Java and Bali. Michigan: Ann Arbor, MI (USA) Community Systems Foundation.
Onis, Mercedes de, and Monika Blössner. 2003. “The World Health Organization Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition: Methodology and Applications.” International Journal of Epidemiology 32 (4): 518–26. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyg099.
Pakiding, F, D Matualage, K Salosso, Purwanto, I.R Anggriyani, A Ahmad, D.A Brown, et al. 2020. “Laporan Status Jejaring Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Di Bentang Laut Kepala Burung Papua.” Manokwari, Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia, dan Washington-DC, United States.
Peng, W., and E.M. Berry. 2019. “The Concept of Food Security.” In Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability, edited by P. Ferranti, E.M. Berry, and J.R. Anderson, 2:1–7. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.22314-7.
Raunikar, Robert, and Chung-liang Huang. 1987. “ Food Demand Analysis: Problems, Issues, and Empirical Evidence.” Ames: Iowa State University Press.
Shah, C. H. 1983. “Food Preference, Poverty, and the Nutrition Gap.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 32 (1): 121–48. https://doi.org/10.1086/451374.
Swindale, A., and P. Bilinsky. 2006. “Development of a Universally Applicable Household Food Insecurity Measurement Tool: Process, Current Status, and Outstanding Issues.” The Journal of Nutrition 136 (5): S1449–52. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/136.5.1449S.
Wallace, Carden C., Emre Turak, and Lyndon DeVantier. 2011. “Novel Characters in a Conservative Coral Genus: Three New Species of Astreopora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) from West Papua.” Journal of Natural History 45 (31–32): 1905–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2011.573098.
Webb, Patrick, Jennifer Coates, Edward A Frongillo, Beatrice Lorge Rogers, Anne Swindale, and Paula Bilinsky. 2006. “Measuring Household Food Insecurity: Why It’s So Important and Yet So Difficult to Do,.” The Journal of Nutrition 136 (5): S1404–8. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/136.5.1404S.
PDF Views : 135 times
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.